held See holdheld adj : occupied or in the control of; often used in combination; "enemy-held territory"hold
1 the act of grasping; "he released his clasp on my arm"; "he has a strong grip for an old man"; "she kept a firm hold on the railing" [syn: clasp, clench, clutch, clutches, grasp, grip]
2 understanding of the nature or meaning or quality or magnitude of something; "he has a good grasp of accounting practices" [syn: appreciation, grasp]
3 power by which something or someone is affected or dominated; "he has a hold over them"
4 time during which some action is awaited; "instant replay caused too long a delay"; "he ordered a hold in the action" [syn: delay, time lag, postponement, wait]
5 a state of being confined (usually for a short time); "his detention was politically motivated"; "the prisoner is on hold"; "he is in the custody of police" [syn: detention, custody]
6 a stronghold
7 a cell in a jail or prison [syn: keep]
8 the appendage to an object that is designed to be held in order to use or move it; "he grabbed the hammer by the handle"; "it was an old briefcase but it still had a good grip" [syn: handle, grip, handgrip]
9 the space in a ship or aircraft for storing cargo [syn: cargo area, cargo deck, cargo hold, storage area]
1 organize or be responsible for; "hold a reception"; "have, throw, or make a party"; "give a course" [syn: throw, have, make, give]
2 keep in a certain state, position, or activity; e.g., "keep clean"; "hold in place"; "She always held herself as a lady"; "The students keep me on my toes" [syn: keep, maintain]
3 have or hold in one's hands or grip; "Hold this bowl for a moment, please"; "A crazy idea took hold of him" [syn: take hold] [ant: let go of]
4 to close within bounds, limit or hold back from movement; "This holds the local until the express passengers change trains"; "About a dozen animals were held inside the stockade"; "The illegal immigrants were held at a detention center"; "The terrorists held the journalists for ransom" [syn: restrain, confine]
5 have rightfully; of rights, titles, and offices; "She bears the title of Duchess"; "He held the governorship for almost a decade" [syn: bear]
6 have or possess, either in a concrete or an abstract sense; "She has $1,000 in the bank"; "He has got two beautiful daughters"; "She holds a Master's degree from Harvard" [syn: have, have got]
7 keep in mind or convey as a conviction or view; "take for granted"; "view as important"; "hold these truths to be self-evident"; "I hold him personally responsible" [syn: deem, view as, take for]
8 contain or hold; have within; "The jar carries wine"; "The canteen holds fresh water"; "This can contains water" [syn: bear, carry, contain]
9 lessen the intensity of; temper; hold in restraint; hold or keep within limits; "moderate your alcohol intake"; "hold your tongue"; "hold your temper"; "control your anger" [syn: control, hold in, contain, check, curb, moderate]
10 remain in a certain state, position, or condition; "The weather held"; "They held on the road and kept marching"
11 maintain (a theory, thoughts, or feelings); "bear a grudge"; "entertain interesting notions"; "harbor a resentment" [syn: harbor, harbour, entertain, nurse]
12 assert or affirm; "Rousseau's philosophy holds that people are inherently good"
13 remain committed to; "I hold to these ideas"
14 secure and keep for possible future use or application; "The landlord retained the security deposit"; "I reserve the right to disagree" [syn: retain, keep back, hold back]
15 be the physical support of; carry the weight of; "The beam holds up the roof"; "He supported me with one hand while I balanced on the beam"; "What's holding that mirror?" [syn: support, sustain, hold up]
16 hold the attention of; "The soprano held the audience"; "This story held our interest"; "She can hold an audience spellbound"
17 keep from exhaling or expelling; "hold your breath"
18 support or hold in a certain manner; "She holds her head high"; "He carried himself upright" [syn: carry, bear]
19 have room for; hold without crowding; "This hotel can accommodate 250 guests"; "The theater admits 300 people"; "The auditorium can't hold more than 500 people" [syn: accommodate, admit]
20 be capable of holding or containing; "This box won't take all the items"; "The flask holds one gallon" [syn: contain, take]
22 take and maintain control over, often by violent means; "The dissatisfied students held the President's office for almost a week"
23 protect against a challenge or attack; "Hold that position behind the trees!"; "Hold the bridge against the enemy's attacks" [syn: defend, guard]
24 declare to be; "She was declared incompetent"; "judge held that the defendant was innocent" [syn: declare, adjudge]
25 have as a major characteristic; "The novel holds many surprises"; "The book holds in store much valuable advise"
27 bind by an obligation; cause to be indebted; "He's held by a contract"; "I'll hold you by your promise" [syn: oblige, bind, obligate]
28 cover as for protection against noise or smell; "She held her ears when the jackhammer started to operate"; "hold one's nose"
29 drink alcohol without showing ill effects; "He can hold his liquor"; "he had drunk more than he could carry" [syn: carry]
30 be pertinent or relevant or applicable; "The same laws apply to you!"; "This theory holds for all irrational numbers"; "The same rules go for everyone" [syn: apply, go for]
31 arrange for and reserve (something for someone else) in advance; "reserve me a seat on a flight"; "The agent booked tickets to the show for the whole family"; "please hold a table at Maxim's" [syn: reserve, book]
32 resist or confront with resistance; "The politician defied public opinion"; "The new material withstands even the greatest wear and tear"; "The bridge held" [syn: defy, withstand, hold up]
33 keep from departing; "Hold the taxi"; "Hold the horse"
34 stop dealing with; "hold all calls to the President's office while he is in a meeting"
35 aim, point, or direct; "Hold the fire extinguisher directly on the flames"
36 be in accord; be in agreement; "We agreed on the terms of the settlement"; "I can't agree with you!"; "I hold with those who say life is sacred"; "Both philosophers concord on this point" [syn: agree, concur, concord] [ant: disagree] [also: held]
- /'hεld/, /"hEld/
- Rhymes: -ɛld
- past of hold
In non-legal contexts, a judgment (American English) or judgement (British English) is a balanced weighing up of evidence preparatory to making a decision. A formal process of evaluation applies. A judgment may be expressed as a statement, e.g. S1: 'A is B' and is usually the outcome of an evaluation of alternatives. The formal process of evaluation can sometimes be described as a set of conditions and criteria that must be satisfied in order for a judgment to be made. What follows is a suggestive list of some conditions that are commonly required:
- there must be corroborating evidence for S1,
- there must be no true contradicting statements,
- if there are contradicting statements, these must be outweighed by the corroborating evidence for S1, or
- contradicting statements must themselves have no corroborating evidence
- S1 must also corroborate and be corroborated by the system of statements which are accepted as true.
One should be cautious in attributing, without a rigorous analysis, a rigid set of criteria to all forms of judgment. Often this results in unnecessary restrictions to judgment methodologies, excluding what may otherwise be considered legitimate judgments. For analogous difficulties in science and the scientific method see the Wikipedia entry on the scientific method.
From the criteria mentioned above, we could judge that "It is raining" if there are raindrops hitting the window, if people outside are using umbrellas, and if there are clouds in the sky. Someone who says that despite all this, it is not raining, but cannot provide evidence for this, would not undermine our judgment.
However, if they demonstrated that there was a sophisticated projection and audio system to produce the illusion of our evidence, then we would probably reconsider our judgment. However, we would not do this lightly, we would demand evidence of the existence of such a system. Then it would need to be decided again upon available new evidence whether or not it was raining.
Many forms of judgment, including the above example, require that they be supported by, and support, known facts which are themselves well supported, and its negation must be shown to be unfounded, before it is accepted as well founded.
held in German: Entscheidung (Gericht)
held in Estonian: Otsustus
held in French: Jugement (judiciaire)
held in Ido: Judicio
held in Interlingua (International Auxiliary Language Association): Judicamento
held in Japanese: 判決
held in Norwegian: Dom
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